How not to get hit by a car

The best way for you to avoid getting hit by a car when you’re walking is to be aware of the situations that most often lead to pedestrian-vehicle accidents.

About 12 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths each year involve pedestrians, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and the Highway Loss Data Institute.

If it seems that most of the pedestrians you observe taking risks in traffic are male, you are right, according to IIHS.

Pedestrians were almost always judged to be at fault in mid block and “intersection dash” accidents, in which pedestrians enter the path of traffic, according to a 2002 study of pedestrian deaths in Baltimore and Washington, D.C. People on foot were judged to be at fault 50 percent of the time compared to 39 percent for drivers.

Drivers are usually at fault in crashes where vehicles turned, backed up or went off the road.

Here’s how to avoid getting hit by cars when you’re walking.

  • Wait and look. Always wait for the traffic signal to turn green before crossing the street, and even then, look around. “Every pedestrian who is hit by a car never saw the car coming,” says Thomas J. Simeone, a Washington, D.C., attorney who represents accident victims. “That’s why they entered the roadway.”
  • Dress to be seen. The crosswalk may not be the right place to make a fashion statement, but the clothing you choose can make a difference to your safety, says Stephanie Schwartz, the owner of Roadrunner Traffic School in Arizona. “Pedestrians can always help ensure their own safety by wearing lighter colors,” she says.
  • Don’t wander into the street while walking next to the road. Use sidewalks whenever possible. If there are no sidewalks, it’s usually better to walk facing oncoming traffic. Also, stay away from freeways and restricted areas.
  • Don’t cross the road at a curve. Make sure you cross where approaching drivers can see you clearly.
  • Try to make eye contact with drivers before stepping onto the highway. It’s a mistake to assume that drivers always see you.
  • Don’t walk near traffic while tipsy. Alcohol and drugs can affect your ability to walk safely and make good judgments about traffic.

Watch out for quiet hybrid cars

New technology may be putting walkers at greater risk. As more gasoline-electric hybrid cars hit the road, an increasing number of pedestrians are claiming that they never heard the car that struck them. A NHTSA study that examined the crashes of hybrid cars and similar non-hybrid cars found that the percent of crashes involving pedestrians was 40 percent higher for hybrids.

Dealing with car insurance companies

If you are hit by a car while walking, you can file a car insurance claim against the driver. Just like a car-to-car accident, you want to try to get the driver’s information at the scene of the accident and make a police report.

  1. Gather all evidence that supports your car insurance claim, including the names of witnesses. Then notify the driver’s insurance company of your claim.
  2. If you have a no-fault auto insurance policy or are making a claim for uninsured or under-insured motorist coverage (for a hit-and-run accident, for example), you must submit the claim to your own car insurance company.
  3. If the driver’s auto insurance isn’t enough to compensate you, you can hire an attorney and take the matter to court. You’re entitled to be “made whole” following an accident. That may include compensation for medical bills as well as pain and suffering, lost wages from work, emotional distress and property loss.

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